Posted by Admin on July, 11, 2019
As glass is being used for our everyday objects, we are so familiar with glass in our day to day life and it is sometimes difficult to believe that the same fragile material can be sculpted and molded into unimaginable works of art. Glass art is the individual works of art that are considerably made up of glass and ranges in size from monumental works and installation pieces, to works of art made in studios and factories, to wall hangings and windows, including tableware and glass jewelry.
History of glass art: -
As a decorative and functional medium, glass was broadly developed in Egypt and Assyria in the early ages. The ancient Egyptians used glass to create trinkets and colored beads for jewelry. Then the material was adopted by the Romans and they used it to create glass vessels and mosaics. In the middle ages, the builders of the great Norman and Gothic cathedrals of Europe took the art of glass to the next level with the use of stained glass windows as an essential decorative and architectural element. With new refinement and invention, Murano became the birthplace of modern glass art. Today, many modern artists are involved in exploring the possibilities of this malleable molten material and go beyond the conventional boundaries of the craft. From the perfection of traditional hand-blown glass skills to the development of new precision techniques, the artists are engaged in presenting the remarkable versatility and dazzling beauty of glass.
Almost all handmade glass art comes under one of three main categories or types of glass. They are: -
1. Hot Glass: - The artwork produced from hot glass includes solid sculpted glass, blown glass, and cast glass. Typically, hot glass art involves molten glass with a temperature around 2000 degrees. Work such as hand-blown bowls, glass sculpture, goblets, vases, and ornaments are commonly made with hot glass from a furnace.
2. Warm Glass: - The artwork made from warm glass is the process that involves heating the glass in an oven or kiln. Common terms generally used for kiln made glass include kiln glass, fused glass, slumped glass, bent glass, glass bending, etc.
• Slump glass: - The glass is formed when a flat sheet glass or a flat plate glass is heated to a temperature between 1250 degrees - 1400 degrees.
• Fused glass: - This glass is formed when pieces of glass are heated enough to melt together. The temperature needed to fuse glass is hotter than the temperature needed to form slump glass. The fusing of glass is done with a temperature between 1400 degrees – 1600 degrees.
• Kiln casting glass: - This glass is formed when hot molten glass poured into a mold inside the kiln. Casting with molds in a kiln is done using crushed glass or a powdery glass paste known as ‘pate de verre‘.
3. Cold Glass: - The artwork formed from cold glass involves any techniques or processes done to the glass that is not hot. This type of glass art is often done in conjunction with hot and warm glass. Polishing, etching, grinding, or engravings are examples of cold-working techniques.
• Etched glass: - When the surface of the glass is being etched away, it is called etched glass. When etching is done by applying an acid like hydrofluoric acid to the surface of the glass, it is called acid etched glass. Etching creates a matte finish and can give the glass a translucent quality.
• Sandblasted glass: - Sandblasting is a process that involves the blasting with a gritty material against the surface of the glass. Aluminum oxide and silica carbide are the typical grit mediums often used in sandblasted glass.
Lampworking or Flameworking: - Pre-made ‘borosilicate’ glass tubes and rods are basically used in lampworking. The glass tubing or glass rods are heated with a handheld or bench torch in order to form the glass. Amazing glass art can be made with the flameworking process. This glass making technique is also used for making items such as jewelry, beads, ornaments, and small figurines. Flameworking with borosilicate glass is popular as it can handle extreme temperature changes without cracking.
For buying extremely elegant glass art, you have to look out for dependable glass art suppliers in the market. The glass art suppliers and exporters from Israel are also famous for supplying a superlative range of glass art for their clients. If you are in Israel and looking for the finest glass art, then you can rely on them to meet your requirements.